Numbers

Arabic numbersNumbers are crazy difficult in Arabic. From what I understand:

1 and 2

  • Number goes after the noun
  • Genders agree
  • Only include the number for emphasis – the amount is clear from the form of the noun
  • 1 – singular form of noun
  • 2 – dual form of noun – add alif noon to both the number and the noun

3 to 10

  • Number goes before the noun
  • Genders disagree
  • Plural form of noun
  • Drop ta marbuta from the number to make it masculine

11 and upwards

  • Number goes before the noun
  • Singular form of noun
  • Gender of 3-9 units disagrees
  • Gender of tens units agrees

For example:

Agreement of 11+ numbers

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